Explored, exploited and researched for centuries, Svalbard has had a true love-hate relationship with man. Find out why this incredible Arctic wildlife has always attracted so much attention. The northern Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard has enjoyed quite the tumultuous history over the course of only four centuries. This seemingly inhospitable place, lying in the High Arctic between 74 and degrees North, is actually abundantly fertile, both on land and at sea. Much of the archipelago is covered in ice and snow although, for a short period during the northern summer, the tundra explodes in blankets of wild-flowers. Svalbard is home to more polar bears than humans. Credit: Shutterstock.
History of Svalbard
Mathilde Le Moullec and her colleagues have walked more than kilometres over four field seasons in the high-Arctic Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, all in a quest to count reindeer. In some places, Le Moullec and her colleagues walked kilometres a day, day after day after day, on a constant lookout for both reindeer and polar bears.
During her second field season, she sailed on a small boat with three colleagues to difficult-to-reach research sites in the east and southwestern part of Svalbard. It’s a story that demonstrates how protecting a species enables their populations to recover from past overexploitation.
Only miles from North Pole, Svalbard and and Spitsbergen provide the The remains of four blubber ovens and a graveyard dating from the 17th to the late.
Breakfast included. Free WIFI. With modern comforts in historical surroundings, Funken lodge offers a unique Svalbard experience. The hotel is located in Haugen, with magnificent views over Longyearbyen, and up towards the Lars and Longyear Glaciers. Since , the hotel has been a local gathering place, and the warm atmosphere will ensure that you immediately feel at home here in the Arctic.
The hotel is open all year round, and offers 88 rooms and modern meeting facilities. Stay centrally in Longyearbyen, at the world’s northernmost full-service hotel. Family friendly with great views to Hiorthfjellet and the Advent Fjord. During your stay you can enjoy delicious food in the Nansen Restaurant or an ice-cold beer in the Barentz Gastropub. The hotel reopened after major renovations in February, We look forward to welcome you to our new establishment!
May — September. Experience Svalbard during the bright summer months. The midnight sun gives you endless possibilities to experience Svalbard 24 hours a day!
Holocene History of Svalbard Ice Caps and Glaciers
To use this site your browser needs to accept cookies. Please enable the ‘Accept cookies’ setting and try again. Funken Lodge on Svalbard has reopened, with modern comfort in a historic setting. With a fantastic location in the Arctic metropolis of Longyearbyen, 88 rooms and suites, a restaurant and bar we are more than ready to welcome you to your next adventure!
Information on Svalbard, the Governor, laws, rules and regulations, tourism and traffic.
The sole responsibility for the content of each Tentative List lies with the State Party concerned. The publication of the Tentative Lists does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever of the World Heritage Committee or of the World Heritage Centre or of the Secretariat of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries. The highest point is Newtontoppen m a. Cold water and air masses from the polar region, which meet warmer water and air masses from the south the Atlantic Ocean Current , produce great differences in climate within the archipelago.
Svalbard has bedrock from almost every geological period, as well as rich occurrences of fossils. The sparse vegetation means that the history of the evolution of the Earth and geological processes are unusually distinct. Svalbard is a natural archive for geology and natural history that is of great scientific value. Svalbard has a varied high-Arctic environment where large areas are little affected by modern human activity. It has mountains and valleys with glaciers, permanent snowfields, nunataks, plateaus with virtually no vegetation, canyons, large valleys with rich tundra vegetation, long fjords and fjord glaciers, as well as low-lying wetland plains, beach ridges, islands, lagoons and bird cliffs on the coasts.
The vegetation cover is sparse, but there are large geographical variations.
The paper is open access and is freely available online at www. This blog is intended to supplement the paper and make the findings available to a wider audience. His email is m.
We present the first pre-Holocene lake sediments from Arctic Svalbard. Radiocarbon dating of terrestrial plant fossils reveals that the.
I arrived in Svalbard after two weeks spent sailing on an expedition ship from Scotland and up the coast of Norway, before we crossed over the Arctic Circle and into another world. As I disembarked with my fellow passengers at Longyearbyen harbour, most of them headed straight for the airport — but I had a full week ahead of me to explore the town of Longyearbyen and the environment of Svalbard beyond it.
It happens. Crossing the official line of the Arctic Circle at sea in northern Norway. The downside of living under the midnight sun is that it screws with your circadian rhythm — and constant light is actually harder to cope with than the constant darkness of polar nights. Importantly, your body still understands that it needs to sleep. During my week in Svalbard I felt wide awake much later than usual, despite the thick blackout curtains hung across the windows of my hostel dorm room.
I felt delirious and disorientated walking down the deserted road.
Seeds Analyzed after being Stored in Svalbard Mine for 30 Years
Svalbard archipelago or Spitsbergen, the name used before was possibly discovered in XII century, however first documented landing dates to For three centuries, the area was popular for hunting whales, walrus, polar bears and fox. Coal deposits discovered in the end of XIX century shifted the focus for the mining industry.
Magnetostratigraphy of U/Pb-dated Boreholes in Svalbard, Norway, Implies that the Barremian-Aptian Boundary (Beginning of Chron M0r) is ± Ma. Zhang.
Various activities can be enjoyed during this voyage, from kayaking to hiking and small boat cruising to bird watching as well as keeping yourself informed and educated with a series of on board lectures. The expedition starts in Amsterdam. Netherlands’s capital is quite relaxed, charming and one of the most culturally rich cities in the world. As you sail across the North Sea on MS Fridtjof Nansen, the Expedition Team will begin a programme of lectures covering subjects such as climate change, wildlife, oceanography, marine biology, history and great explorers.
The route that you are following across the North Sea has been a vital trading route for centuries, beginning with the Vikings, then the Hanseatic League and it still remains one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Barony Rosendal, a historic manor house estate is located on Hardangerfjord’s shores and was completed in Its garden is the most magnificent Victorian garden in Norway. From June to November, the air is scented with 2, roses in bloom.
If you are feeling energetic, you can hike metres up to Malmangernuten with beautiful views over the Hardangerfjord.
The use of fossils in dating the Cenozoic rocks of Svalbard
Like many other groups, the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma decided it would be a good idea to make a deposit. This decision took the Cherokee people on an unprecedented journey to find and secure their own ancestral seeds, coming full circle to deposit into to the Svalbard Global Seed Vault only a few months ago. I was given the task.
Rock Glaciers in Svalbard. Tentative Dating and Inferred Long-Term. Velocities. Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical · Geography, Vol. 76,
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Birkenmajer and K. Krajewski and Z. Birkenmajer , K. Three dates, between View PDF. Save to Library.
Ancient DNA sheds new light on the Svalbard foraminiferal fossil record of the last millennium
Summer in the Arctic, especially north of the Arctic Circle means days of near endless daylight to experience as much adventure you can cram into your schedule. Make your own way to Aberdeen pier where our expedition team will welcome you aboard the Greg Mortimer. After settling in we will set sail for the Orkney Islands, where Stone Age villages like Skara Brae, relics of Viking occupation and the wild sea vie for our attention.
Discover the rich history in Kirkwall, capital of the Orkney Islands.
in Svalbard. Their regional distribution is primarily control- led by the tectonic pattern and especially by the network of major thrusting faults. Tentative dating.
Results of the tree-ring dating of samples from the three Russian settlements of the 18th century Bjornbeinflyene, Palffyodden, and Schonningholmane at Svalbard are presented. The present study is a development of a previous work Chochorowski and Krapiec, These stations were discovered during excavations conducted by the Polish archaeological expedition of Jagiellonian University in the Sorkappland and Hornsund fjord regions of the Svalbard Archipelago.
In total, 5 non-dated samples of the previous work were reanalyzed for these sites: Bjornbeinflyene 2 samples , Palffyodden 1 sample , Schonningholmane 1 sample and relics from the landing site on the Torrflya coast 1 sample. All samples from these settlements are constructional elements of dwellings, appearing to be prefabricates brought from the continent, and only one of them is a driftwood timber. These floating chronologies were cross-dated against more than master tree-ring chronologies from the Arctic coast, including as well our own data.
As a result, it was possible to successfully date and determine the place of origin of these samples.